Please tell me I’m not the only one browsing Pinterest looking for ways to create modern spaces in my spare time! I’m always looking for a good renovation project. I daydream of upgrading spaces into modern havens.
Not that I need more projects, but it feels so good when someone says this is a place they’d like to live.. It is an amazing feeling to see my labor of love bring a smile to someone else’s face!
This is similar to what happens in a value-add real estate syndication deal. You as the investor see value in something that has been overlooked, the team commits some equity, and within about 5 years, the commercial property is rebranded and brought back to life.
Don’t let the terminology throw you for a loop! It’s like fixing and flipping a residential property, except on a massive scale.
The Basics of Value-Add Real Estate
In the case of single-family homes, the process of buying a run-down property, remodeling it, and then selling it for profit, is commonly referred to as fix-and-flip. Your sweat equity and ability to see a diamond in the rough is rewarded monetarily, and the new owner gets an updated, move-in-ready home.
Value-add multifamily real estate deals follow a similar model, but on a massive scale. Hundreds of units get renovated over years at a time instead of just one single-family home over a few months.
A great value-add property may have peeling paint, outdated appliances, or overgrown landscaping, which all affect the curb appeal and the initial impression that a potential renter will form. Simple, cosmetic upgrades can attract more qualified renters and increase the income the property produces.
In value-add properties, improvements have two goals:
- To improve the unit and the community (positively impact tenants)
- To increase the bottom line (positively impact the investors)
Common value-add renovations can include individual unit upgrades, such as:
- Fresh paint
- New kitchens
- Technology Packages
- New flooring
- Upgraded fixtures
- Individual Washer dryers.
In addition, adding value to exteriors and shared spaces often helps to increase the sense of community:
- Fresh paint on building exteriors
- New signage
- Dog parks
- Covered parking
- Shared spaces (BBQ pit, picnic area, etc.)
On top of all that, adding value can also take the form of increasing efficiencies:
- Green initiatives to decrease utility costs
- Shared cable and internet
- Reducing expenses
The Logistics of a Multifamily Value-Add
The basic fix-and-flip of single-family homes is pretty familiar to most people, but when it comes to hundreds of units at once, the renovation schedule and logistics aren’t as intuitive. Questions arise around how to renovate property while people are living there and how many units can be improved at a time.
When renovating a multifamily property, the vacant units are first. In a 100-unit complex, a 5% vacancy rate means there are five empty units, which is where renovations will begin.
Once those five units are complete and as each existing tenant’s lease comes due for renewal, they are offered the opportunity to move into a freshly renovated unit. Usually, tenants are more than happy with the upgraded space and happy to pay a little extra.
Once tenants vacate their old units, renovations ensue, and the process continues to repeat until most or all of the units have been updated.
During this process, some tenants do move away, and it’s important for projects to account for a temporary increase in vacancy rates due to turnover and new leases.
Why I Love Investing in Value-Add Properties
When done well, value-add strategies benefit all parties involved. Through renovations, we provide tenants a more aesthetically pleasing property, with updated appliances and more attractive community space. By doing so, the property becomes more valuable, allowing higher rental rates and increased equity, which makes investors happy too.
The property-beautification process and the fact that renovated property is more attractive to tenants is probably straightforward. But let’s dive into why value-add investing is a great strategy for investors.
First, Yield Plays
To fully appreciate value-add investments, we must first understand their counterparts, yield plays. In a yield play, investors buy a stabilized asset and hold it for the monthly cash flow and potential future profits.
Yield play investments are where a currently-cash-flowing-property that’s in decent shape is purchased. The property provides a recurring stream of income from the rents collected – the yield. There is obviously a hope to sell it at some later date for a small profit, but there is no business plan to renovate, force appreciation, improve the asset and realize a larger gain at sale. Yield play investors hold property in anticipation of potential market increases, but there’s always the chance of experiencing a flat or down market instead.
Now, Let’s Get Back to Value-Adds
Value plays and yield plays are different. In a value-add investment, significant work (i.e., renovations) takes place to increase the value of the property and doing such improvements carry a level of risk.
However, value-add deals also come with a ton of potential upside since the investors hold all the cards. Through physical action steps that improve the property and increase its value, value-add investors don’t just hold the asset hoping for market increases, they force increases through improving the asset, raising rents and lowering expenses.
Through property improvements, income is increased, thus also increasing the equity in the deal (remember, commercial properties are valued based on how much income they generate, not on comps, like single-family homes), which allows investors much more control over the investment than in a yield play.
Of course, a hybrid yield + value-add investment is ideal. This is where an asset gets improved, cash on cash yields are high and the market increases simultaneously. Investors have control over the value-add renovation portion and the market growth adds appreciation.
Now, before you get too giddy about the potential of a hybrid investment, there are risks associated with any value-add deal.
Examples of Risk in Value-Add Investments
In multifamily value-add investments, common risks include:
- Not being able to achieve target rents
- More tenants moving out than expected
- Renovations running behind schedule
- Renovation costs exceeding initial estimates (which can be a big deal when you’re renovating hundreds of units)
- Supply Chain issues
When evaluating deals as potential investments, look for sponsors who have capital preservation of the forefront of the plan and who have a number of risk mitigation strategies in place. These may include:
- Conservative underwriting
- Proven business model (e.g., some units have already been upgraded and are achieving rent increases)
- Experienced team, particularly the project and asset management team
- Multiple exit strategies
- The budget for renovations and capital expenditures is raised upfront, rather than through cash flow
Value-add investments can be powerful vehicles of wealth, but they also come with serious risks. This is why risk mitigation strategies are important – to protect investor capital at all costs.
Why Value-Add Multifamily Real Estate Is Beneficial To Everyone
No investment is risk-free. However, this type of real estate investing (even with the risk) provides amazing benefits for the community and investors alike, making value-add real estate investing even more attractive!
Value-add investments can bring beautiful improvements to multifamily complexes and communities, sort of like the redone furniture can add a little “je ne sais quoi” to someone’s home.
Safer, cleaner, and more updated properties like those we can provide through value-add multifamily syndications are more attractive to tenants and bring value to the entire community. Furthermore, since investors have input over how and when renovations are done, they have more opportunity to maximize returns!
When an apartment community is refreshed, tenants are willing to pay more for a nicer space which drives up the property value. When the property value raises, businesses are attracted to the area which ends up providing more employment opportunities and variety for the people nearby. When employment opportunities are available, people are attracted to live in the area, and the circle begins all over again – beautiful, right?